Daikin’s VRV IV technology continues to set the benchmark for intelligent efficiency
Daikin unveils the latest developments in its VRV IV technology with the launch of the new VRV IV+ series.
When it was introduced in 2012, Daikin’s pioneering revolutionary VRV IV system set a new standard in the industry, introducing new levels of seasonal efficiency and comfort. Offering an integrated solution to cover multiple applications, its design simplicity, flexible configuration, combined with ease of installation and commissioning, continues to position Daikin as the best partner of choice for climate control, with over 220,000 VRV IV units sold since its launch.
Advanced research and development have ensured Daikin’s VRV IV technology remains unmatched. Features such Variable Refrigerant Temperature (VRT) Technology, which automatically adjusts temperatures in line with loads and ambient temperature, while the continuous heating during defrost technology eliminates temperature drops during defrosting. Further system developments swiftly followed, such as the introduction of ranges including heat pump, heat recovery, cold climate and water-cooled models. With the launch of the new VRV IV+ series, Daikin has once again raised the bar. At the heart of the latest system, the compressor has been completely redesigned applying the latest technologies.
Seasonal Efficiency explained
With buildings accounting for 40% of the European Union’s (EU) total energy consumption, delivering low carbon buildings is key to meeting the EU’s challenging energy targets. It is important therefore, that designers have access to real life, seasonal efficiency data.
Ahead of its time in 2012, Daikin had already taken the decision to focus on achieving the best seasonal efficiency all year round for the VRV IV system. This was a departure from the usual practice of achieving performance at peak loads with the nominal point at 100% capacity (at 35°C for cooling and +7°C for heating).
Since that time, the EU has taken a more strategic stance on performance and efficiency. As of the first of January 2018, the Ecodesign Directive on Energy Related Products (ErP) came into force for commercial air heating and cooling products (ENER LOT21). The legislation sets minimum efficiency performance targets for cooling and heating products based on their actual year-round performance and not just on a single test result at peak load. This pushes manufacturers to deliver more efficient systems and helps users to select the most efficient option.
The calculation method applied to determine a system’s seasonal efficiency, rather than its nominal efficiency, is set in EN 14825. Using the number of hours that a temperature condition occurs throughout the year and the corresponding efficiency at that point, the result is expressed in the Eta value. The minimum efficiency for cooling is set to 133% and 181% for heating. Products that do not reach these efficiencies can no longer be sold in the EU.
The Eta value relates efficiency back to primary energy, allowing a direct comparison of fossil fuel products with electrically-driven products.
Raising the bar on seasonal efficiency
With the launch of the VRV IV+ series we continue to build on our strategy of delivering systems that are truly efficient in real life situations and we are already compliant with the new ENER LOT21 – Tier 2 due to come into force in 2021.
Central to the new VRVIV+ units, the compressor has been redesigned and fully optimised to ensure high performance at part loads, which is the main operation mode throughout the year.
A key issue which can occur during low load operation, is refrigerant leaks from the high-pressure side to the low-pressure side in the compression chamber, resulting in loss of efficiency. This is due to lower pressure applied to the back side of the moveable scroll of the compressor (Figure 1). This has been resolved in the new compressor by the inclusion of a back-pressure control port that sends a small amount of high-pressure refrigerant from the compression chamber to the back of the scroll (Figure 2). This way we ensure optimal separation of lower- and higher-pressure sides within the compression chamber, boosting seasonal efficiency to a new standard.
Following the principles behind ErP legislation
EN14825 does not specify indoor unit type or size, although the goal of legislation is to provide useful information to assist decision-making and improve efficiency in real life conditions. Typically, the larger the unit, the better the overall system efficiency will be (but this may not necessarily be a unit that is sold regularly).
Daikin publishes information on the most sold combinations of indoor unit with its VRV systems, to observe the aims of the legislation and provide useful data to the customers.
These units are: the FXFQ Round flow cassette, FXSQ medium static pressure concealed ceiling unit and the FXMQ high static pressure concealed ceiling unit.
When comparing efficiency values, it is important to check which indoor units are being used to ensure a fair comparison. The values for specific models can be identified using the supplied product fiches, which must be available in a free access website, set-up by every manufacturer.
The new Daikin VRV IV+ series will be available from March onwards.
For a more details on ENER LOT21 refer to: https://www.daikin.eu/en_us/about/daikin-innovations/seasonal-efficiency.html
Daikin’s ENER LOT21 data is available to download at: https://energylabel.daikin.eu/eu/en_US/lot21.html
To find the data of the new VRV IV+ series search for RXYQ-U (heat pump), RYYQ-U (heat pump with continuous heating) and REYQ-U (heat recovery) series)
Every year in May we will provide an update of this text.
VRV IV + Launch_DEUEN19-011_Press Release_EnglishZIP | 19.56MB
Daikin Europe N.V.
Daikin Europe is a subsidiary of Daikin Industries Ltd. and the leading provider of heating, cooling, ventilation, air purification and refrigeration solutions in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The company designs, manufactures and brings to market a broad portfolio of equipment, as well as tailor-made solutions for residential, commercial and industrial purposes. To date Daikin Europe has over 12,000 employees working at more than 59 consolidated subsidiaries. It has 12 major manufacturing facilities based in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Austria and the UK. The headquarters of the Daikin Europe group are in Belgium, Ostend. The company was established in 1972, production in Europe started in 1973.
About Daikin Industries Ltd.
Based in Osaka, Japan, Daikin Industries employs over 89,000 people worldwide. The global company is market leader for heat pump and air conditioning systems, as well as air filtration. It is the only air conditioning manufacturer in the world that researches, develops and produces all important system components, such as refrigerants, compressors and electronics, in-house. The company achieved € 23.7 billion sales turnover in financial year 2021 (1 April 21 – 31 March 22).
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